Hungarian and Foreign Data & Statistics


Article 8: Protection from exposure to tobacco smoke - the story of Hungary

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2014

Hungary has been party to the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control since 2005. In recent years, the Government of Hungary has adopted and implemented a series of strong tobacco-control measures. The most important of these are the smoking ban in indoor public places and some outdoor public places, the significant tax increase on cigarettes, the inclusion of combined warnings (text and pictures) on cigarette packages, and the drastic reduction in the number of stores selling tobacco products. This case study focuses on the most important of these measures, namely, the smoking ban, which has resulted in decreases in the rates of smokers among the population and the rate of cigarette smoking; in addition, it has had a positive impact on employment in the hospitality industry and hospitality venues, and on the incomes of the hospitality industry and accommodation services.

http://www.euro.who.int/en/health-topics/disease-prevention/tobacco/publ...

 


Global Youth Tobacco Survey 2013 (GYTS)

Hungary(Ages 13-15)

FACT SHEET

 
The survey was first conducted by WHO and the American CDC in 1998. The data collection is executed regularly in every country taking part in the project (Hungary joined the project in 2003). GYTS Hungary provides data on prevalence of cigarette and other tobacco product use as well as information on five determinants of tobacco use: access/availability and price, secondhand smoke exposure, cessation, media and advertising, and school curriculum. These results are components Hungary could use in a comprehensive tobacco control program. The fourth Hungarian round of GYTS 2013 was a school-based survey of students in 7th, 8th and 9th grade. We used a two-stage stratified cluster sample design that produced samples of students in grades 7, 8, or 9 associated with children aged 13-15 years. Sampling frame included all Hungarian schools with any identified grades stratified by grades and settlement categories representing different urban and rural areas in Hungary. A total of 4 018 students completed the 2013 Hungary GYTS.
 
 
Prevalence
69,5% of the students are non-smokers (Boys: 67%, Girls 72%)
9,5% of the students are daily smokers (Boys: 11%, Girls 8%)
21% of the students are occasional smokers (Boys: 22%, Girls 20%)
30,5% currently use some tobacco product (Boys: 33%, Girls: 28%)
24% currently smoke cigarettes (Boys: 24%, Girls: 24%)
9% currently daily cigarettes smokers (Boys: 10%, Girls: 7%)
6% smoked cigars/mini-cigars during the past 30 days (Boys: 8%, Girls: 4%)
5% smoked cigarillos during the past 30 days (Boys: 7%, Girls: 4%)
14,5% smoked hand-rolled cigarettes during the past 30 days (Boys: 15%, Girls 13%)
4% smoked tobacco in a pipe during the past 30 days (Boys: 5%, Girls: 3%)
17% used water-pipe during the past 30 days (Boys: 20%, Girls: 13%)
2% used smokeless tobacco during the past 30 days (Boys: 3%, Girls: 1%)
21,5% of those who have already tried smoking initiated smoking before age ten (Boys: 26%, Girls 15%)
 
Access and Availability
13% smoke at home 
20% buy cigarettes in an supervised tobacco store
50% who bought cigarettes in a tobacco store were NOT refused purchase because of their age
 
Exposure to Secondhand Smoke (SHS)
46% live in homes where others smoke in their presence
61% are exposed to tobacco smoke in public places
93% think smoking should be banned from public places
43% think others’ smoke is harmful to them
51% have at least one  parent who smoke
34% have a mother, who smokes
39% have a father  who smokes
24% whose most or all friends smoke
 
Cessation - Current Smokers
42% want to stop smoking
61% tried to stop smoking during the past year
35% always feel like having a cigarette first thing in the morning
 
Media and Advertising
67% saw anti-smoking media messages in TV during the past 30 days 
38% saw anti-smoking media messages on billboards and posters during the past 30 days
45% saw anti-smoking media messages in newspapers or magazines, in the past 30 days
11% have something (t-shirt, pen, backpack, etc.) with a cigarette brand logo on it 
5% were offered free cigarettes by a tobacco company representative
59% saw anti-smoking media messages on internet in the past 30 days
91% saw actors smoking on TV, video, DVD or at the cinema during the past 30 days
 
Smoking in school
15% see their teachers smoking at school, in the school building every day
15% during school hours see teachers smoking outdoors on school premises (e.g. school garden) every day
11,5% see students smoking in the school building during school hours every day
16% see students smoking outdoors on school premises (e.g. school garden) during school hours every day
 
Prevention
44% had been taught in class, during the past year, about the dangers of smoking
33% had discussed in class, during the past year, reasons why people their age smoke
 
E-cigarette
9% used e-cigarette during the past 30 days (Boys: 10%, Girls: 7%)
FAct sheet in PDF
 

NEWS from WHO Regional Office for Europe

WHO FCTC Article 8: Protection from exposure to tobacco smoke - the story of Hungary

WHO FCTC Article 8: Protection from exposure to tobacco smoke - the story of Hungary

Download English  2014

Hungary has been party to the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control since 2005. In recent years, the Government of Hungary has adopted and implemented a series of strong tobacco-control measures. The most important of these are the smoking ban in indoor public places and some outdoor public places, the significant tax increase on cigarettes, the inclusion of combined warnings (text and pictures) on cigarette packages, and the drastic reduction in the number of stores selling tobacco products. This case study focuses on the most important of these measures, namely, the smoking ban, which has resulted in decreases in the rates of smokers among the population and the rate of cigarette smoking; in addition, it has had a positive impact on employment in the hospitality industry and hospitality venues, and on the incomes of the hospitality industry and accommodation services.


Global Youth Tobacco Survey 2012 (GYTS)

Hungary(Ages 13-15)

FACT SHEET

The survey was first conducted by WHO and the American CDC in 1998. The data collection is executed regularly in every country taking part in the project Hungary joined the project in 2003. GYTS Hungary provides data on prevalence of cigarette and other tobacco product use as well as information on five determinants of tobacco use: access/availability and price, secondhand smoke exposure, cessation, media and advertising, and school curriculum. These results are components Hungary could use in a comprehensive tobacco control program. The third Hungarian round of GYTS 2012 was a school-based survey of students in 7th, 8th and 9th grade. We used a two-stage stratified cluster sample design that produced samples of students in grades 7, 8, or 9 associated with children aged 13-15 years. Sampling frame included all Hungarian schools with any identified grades stratified by grades and settlement categories representing different urban and rural areas in Hungary. In the first stage the probability of schools selected was proportional to the number of students enrolled in the specified grades and to the settlement category. In the second sampling stage, one class within the selected schools was selected randomly. The school response rate was 94%, the class response rate was 99%, the student response rate was 88%. A total of 3,844 students completed the 2012 Hungary GYTS of which 2,325 (60%) were aged 13-15.

Prevalence

57% students have already smoked cigarettes (Boys: 61%, Girls 52%)

35% currently use some tobacco product (Boys: 41%, Girls: 30%)

27% currently smoke cigarettes (Boys: 31%, Girls: 23%)

7%-currently daily cigarettes smokers (Boys: 9%, Girls: 5%)

6% smoked cigars/mini-cigars, cigarillos (Boys: 9%, Girls: 3%)

13% smoked hand-rolled cigarettes during the past 30 days (one month) (Boys: 15%, Girls 10%)

20% smoked tobacco in a pipe or used water-pipe during the past 30 days (Boys: 24%, Girls: 15%)

13% smoked e-cigarette during the past 30 days (Boys: 16%, Girls: 10%)

4,7% of the 13-15 years old Hungarian young people who never smoke tobacco product used e-cigarette in the last 30 days

13% of those who have already tried smoking initiated smoking before age ten (Boys: 15%, Girls 10%)

23% never smokers are likely to initiate smoking next year (Boys: 22%, Girls: 23%)

Access and Availability - Current Smokers

13% smoke at home

45% buy cigarettes in a store

43% who bought cigarettes in a store were NOT refused purchase because of their age

Exposure to Secondhand Smoke (SHS)

44% live in homes where others smoke in their presence

70% are exposed to tobacco smoke in public places

97% think smoking should be banned from public places

60% think others’ smoke is harmful to them

49% have at least one parent who smoke

33% have a mother, who smokes

37% have a father  who smokes

22% whose most or all friends smoke

Cessation - Current Smokers

42% want to stop smoking

59% tried to stop smoking during the past year

49% have already received help to stop smoking

24% always feel like having a cigarette first thing in the morning

Media and Advertising (negative effects)

70% saw anti-smoking media messages in TV during the past 30 days

43% saw anti-smoking media messages on billboards and posters during the past 30 days

45% saw anti-smoking media messages in newspapers or magazines, in the past 30 days

10% have something (t-shirt, pen, backpack, etc.) with a cigarette brand logo on it

5% were offered free cigarettes by a tobacco company representative

59% saw anti-smoking media messages on internet in the past 30 days

91% saw actors smoking on TV, video, DVD or at the cinema during the past 30 days

11% see their teachers smoking at school, in the school building every day

13% during school hours see teachers smoking outdoors on school premises (e.g. school garden) every day

7% see students smoking in the school building during school hours every day

13% see students smoking outdoors on school premises (e.g. school garden) during school hours every day

School

64% had been taught in class, during the past year, about the dangers of smoking

47% had discussed in class, during the past year, reasons why people their age smoke

5% confidently remember that he/she was taught about smoking in kindergarten

FAct sheet in PDF


Smoking related data of Hungary –

Youth under 18 years

Age

Total %

Boy

%

Girl

%

Reference

Prevalence of smoking

ever smoked cigarettes

13-15 years old

57.9

56.5

58.4

GYTS  2008 (1)

ever smoked cigarettes

8-10. grades

 

63.1

65.1

ESPAD 2007 (2)

currently use tobacco product

13-15 years old

27.8

27.9

26.7

GYTS  2008

current cigarette smoker

13-15 years old

23.2

21.5

23.6

GYTS  2008

current daily smoker (cigarette)

13-15 years old

5.9

6.2

4.9

GYTS  2008

current daily smoker (among smokers)

5., 7., 9., 11. grades

63.2

68

58.8

HBSC 2006 (3)

rate of daily and weekly smokers (among all respondents)

5., 7., 9., 11. grades

 

17.9

17.6

HBSC 2006

smoked 20 or more times

8-10. grades

 

26.8

27.8

ESPAD 2007

smoked cigar in the last 30 days

13-15 years old

4.3

5.6

2.6

GYTS  2008

smoked roll-your-own cigarette in the last 30 days

13-15 years old

6,2

6.8

4.5

GYTS  2008

smoked pipe/waterpipe in the last 30 days

13-15 years old

11.5

13.8

8.8

GYTS  2008

ever smokers, first smoked cigarettes before age 10

13-15 years old

18

 

19.7

15.7

GYTS  2008

never smokers likely to initiate smoking in the next year

13-15 years old

18.5

 

16.2

21.0

GYTS  2008

Access of tobacco products (current smokers)

current smokers who smoke at home

13-15 years old

6,0

 

 

GYTS  2008

current smokers who usually buy their cigarettes in a store

13-15 years old

47.9

 

 

GYTS  2008

rate of smokers - bought cigarette in shops- who was never refused to buy cigarette by a salesman owing to their age

 

13-15 years old

51.7

 

 

GYTS  2008

Frequency of trying smoking

tried smoking

5. grades

17.0

 

 

HBSC 2006

tried smoking

11. grades

75.1

 

 

HBSC 2006

tried smoking

8-10.  grades

64.1

 

 

ESPAD 2007

Second-hand smoking

live in a household where sy smokes in his/her presence

13-15 years old

43

 

 

GYTS  2008

exposed to smoke in public places

13-15 years old

72.6

 

 

GYTS  2008

in favour of banning smoking in public places

13-15 years old

76.9

 

 

GYTS  2008

think that passive smoking is harmful for his/her health

13-15 years old

61.5

 

 

GYTS  2008

one or more parents smoke

13-15 years old

50.7

 

 

GYTS  2008

mother smokes

13-15 years old

33.3

 

 

GYTS  2008

father smokes

13-15 years old

38.1

 

 

GYTS  2008

all or most friends smoke

13-15 years old

22.2

 

 

GYTS  2008

Quitting (current smokers)

current smokers who want to stop smoking

13-15 years old

41

 

 

GYTS  2008

smokers who tried to quit in the last year

13-15 years old

 

66.3

 

 

GYTS  2008

smokers, ever get help to quit

13-15 years old

48.1

 

 

GYTS  2008

current smokers who always feel like having a cigarette first thing in the morning

13-15 years old

17.4

 

 

GYTS  2008

Smoking related media and advertisement

saw any anti-smoking media messages in the TV

13-15 years old

83.4

 

 

GYTS  2008

saw any anti-smoking media messages (prevention, quitting) on posters

13-15 years old

55.8

 

 

GYTS  2008

saw any anti-smoking media messages (prevention, quitting) in newspapers or magazines

13-15 years old

33.4

 

 

GYTS  2008

have an object with a cigarette brand logo on it

13-15 years old

15.8

 

 

GYTS  2008

ever offered a “free” cigarette by a cigarette company representative

13-15 years old

6.2

 

 

GYTS  2008

saw actors smoking in TV, video, DVD or in a movie

13-15 years old

92,8

 

 

GYTS  2008

daily see the teachers smoking in the schools

13-15 years old

 

24,8

 

 

GYTS  2008

daily see the teachers smoking out of the building but in the school area (garden)

13-15 years old

21,4

 

 

GYTS  2008

daily see the peers smoking in the school

13-15 years old

 

18,8

 

 

GYTS  2008

daily see the peers smoking out of the building but in the school area (garden)

13-15 years old

31,7

 

 

GYTS  2008

Prevention of smoking in schools

take part in school education  about harmful effects of smoking in this year

13-15 years old

57.2

 

 

GYTS  2008

take part in education in a class about the reasons of peer-smoking in this year

13-15 years old

41.2

 

 

GYTS  2008

take part in an education about harmful effects of smoking in this year

 

13-15 years old

 

51.8

 

 

GYTS  2008

surely remember smoking related conversations  in kindergarten

13-15 years old

9.0

 

 

GYTS  2008

1.) Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) 2008

2.) European School Survey Project on Alcohol and other Drugs – ESPAD) 2007

3.) Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) 2006

 

 

Smoking related data of Hungary – adult population

Age

Total %

Male

%

Female

%

Reference

Prevalence of smoking

current smoker

over 15 years

38

46

32

Eurobarometer 2009 (1)

current smoker

15-24 years old

39

 

 

Eurobarometer 2009

current smoker

25-39 years old

50

 

 

Eurobarometer 2009

current smoker

40-54 years old

49

 

 

Eurobarometer 2009

current smoker

over 55 years

20

 

 

Eurobarometer 2009

daily smoker

18-79 years old

33

42

25

Gallup 2007 (2)

daily smoker

18-24 years old

39

 

 

Gallup 2007

daily smoker

25-29 years old

41

 

 

Gallup 2007

daily smoker

30-39 years old

40

 

 

Gallup 2007

daily smoker

40-49 years old

41

 

 

Gallup 2007

daily smoker

50-59 years old

46

 

 

Gallup 2007

daily smoker

60-69 years old

21

 

 

Gallup 2007

daily smoker

70-79 years old

6

 

 

Gallup 2007

Occasional smoking

occasional smoker

18-79 years old

4

6

3

Gallup 2007

occasional smoker

18-24 years old

10

 

 

Gallup 2007

occasional smoker

25-29 years old

6

 

 

Gallup 2007

occasional smoker

30-39 years old

4

 

 

Gallup 2007

occasional smoker

40-49 years old

6

 

 

Gallup 2007

occasional smoker

50-59 years old

3

 

 

Gallup 2007

occasional smoker

60-69 years old

1

 

 

Gallup 2007

occasional smoker

70-79 years old

2

 

 

Gallup 2007

Quitting

previously smoked but quit

18-79 years old

18

22

14

Gallup 2007

previously smoked but quit

18-24 years old

7

 

 

Gallup 2007

previously smoked but quit

25-29 years old

8

 

 

Gallup 2007

previously smoked but quit

30-39 years old

17

 

 

Gallup 2007

previously smoked but quit

40-49 years old

16

 

 

Gallup 2007

previously smoked but quit

50-59 years old

19

 

 

Gallup 2007

previously smoked but quit

60-69 years old

30

 

 

Gallup 2007

previously smoked but quit

70-79 years old

24

 

 

Gallup 2007

previously smoked but quit

over 15 years

15

 

 

Eurobarometer 2009

previously smoked but quit

over 60 years

30

 

 

Gallup 2007

previously smoked but quit and have advanced qualification

18-79 years old

23

 

 

Gallup 2007

Rate of non-smokers

never smoke

over 15 years

47

 

 

Eurobarometer 2009

never smoke

18-79 years old

44

30

58

Gallup 2007

never smoke

18-24 years old

44

 

 

Gallup 2007

never smoke

25-29 years old

45

 

 

Gallup 2007

never smoke

30-39 years old

39

 

 

Gallup 2007

never smoke

40-49 years old

38

 

 

Gallup 2007

never smoke

50-59 years old

31

 

 

Gallup 2007

never smoke

60-69 years old

48

 

 

Gallup 2007

never smoke

70-79 years old

69

 

 

Gallup 2007

Passive smoking

in work place

over 15 years

45

 

 

Eurobarometer 2009

smoking is allowed at home

over 15 years

38

 

 

Eurobarometer 2009

exposed to smoke in bars

over 15 years

78

 

 

Eurobarometer 2009

exposed to smoke in restaurants

over 15 years

42

 

 

Eurobarometer 2009

1.) Eurobarometer. European Commission (2009)

2.) Smoking Monitor, Gallup (2002 – 2004 – 2006 - 2007)

 

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